High-rise projects are seen on European horizons and show no signs of slowing down. According to the Global Tall Buildings Database of the CTBUH (Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat), they have now erected 1,647 buildings taller than 200 metres. High-rise building construction is characterised by high demand for construction technology and complex engineering works. Heightening population density and expanding urbanisation have increased the need for constructing high-rise buildings due to land shortage. More than three-quarters of the EU population live in urban areas, which is expected to rise to almost 85% by 2050.
With Europe facing a generational energy crisis that could last for years, many efforts have been made to design high-rises in an energy efficient and reduce the energy demand or carbon emission of high-rise buildings.
The high-rise buildings implemented today are astonishing in terms of their multitude of architectural and construction solutions and their technology. Due to the size of the issue, conducting a comprehensive analysis of technological innovations in these buildings requires a unique approach. Building materials and techniques continue to improve with advances in engineering and evolving design sensibilities. The industry needs to innovate and explore competitive new ideas, while stricter regulations contribute to a reduced margin for error and waste. Modular construction is gaining popularity across the industry as companies realise the efficiency and cost-saving benefits, and the high-rise sector is also becoming an advocate.
Frankfurt has emerged and led the way towards Europe’s typically low-rise cities. For the longest time, it had Europe’s tallest building, the Commerzbank Tower, while 95% of all of Germany’s skyscrapers are located here. More than 50 high rises are currently being built or planned in Frankfurt. Frankfurt is set for significant changes over the next decade. And it’s going to develop even more. By 2030 its skyline will be unrecognisable, and it will firmly establish itself as Europe’s skyscraper capital.